This Memorial Day, before you fire up the barbecue, head out to bathe at the beach, or run off to the store to participate in some great sale, stop and remember that this day is meant for something far greater than baking in the sun on the beach, or cooking burgers and hot dogs on the grill. Remember that this day is meant to honor those who throughout our nation’s short but profound history, have defended freedom and democracy for us all.
On this day, remember that were it not for those men and women who gave their lives in the service of this nation, we would not be able to enjoy life safely and freely.
It is a day when the eternal tribute by the Tomb Guard sentinels at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetary, provide us with an example to follow for at least a few brief moments.
The Tomb Guards sentinels, are all volunteers, and they are the best of the elite 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment which is also known as The Old Guard., and for 24 hours a day, seven days a week, month after month, and year after year, they stand guard over the tomb and the unknown soldiers buried in it.
The Tomb Guard is eternally vigilant in their watch over the unknown soldiers, forever insuring that the unknown soldiers representing all the unidentified and never found war dead of our nation, receive the proper respect that the memories of their lives and appreciation for their defense of our nation deserves.
In a non-stop cycle, individual members of the Tomb Guard march 21 steps down a black mat behind the Tomb, turn, faces east for 21 seconds, turn again and face north for 21 seconds, then take the 21 steps that symbolize the highest military honor that can be bestowed, the 21-gun salute, down on the mat. After the turn, the sentinel executes a sharp “shoulder-arms” movement to place the weapon on the shoulder closest to the visitors to signify that the sentinel stands between the Tomb and any possible threat. Then they repeat their march in the opposite direction.
Occasionally, when a group of visitors fail to conduct themselves in a way that does justice to the souls buried in the tomb and the souls they represent. The Tomb Guard will abruptly stop their march and in swift order, take their rifle from their shoulder, grasp it straight out from their chest and at an angle, point it towards the sky, as they turn to those failing to follow the proper protocol at the tomb, and firmly, and loudly snap out the following words;
“It is requested that everyone maintains a level of silence and respect”.
They then click their heels and fall back in to their regular marching pattern, as the stunned visitors stand in shocked reminder of the solemn and respectful required by their presence and deserved by the entombed soldiers.
This eternal display of dedication to insuring that our war dead are honored and properly respected, should act as a reminder to us all that such respect and honor is deserved for all those who gave their lives in the service of our nation, and that out of all the days of the year, Memorial Day provides us with the opportunity to set some time aside for at least least considering to maintain even just a brief personal, level of silent reflection and demonstrable respect and gratitude for our war dead.
The harried pace of our everyday personal lives does not always allow us to stop and make a conscious effort to not take for granted the sacrifices that others have made for us. It is understandable but also unnacceptable. But not on Memorial Day, the one day of every year that is designated for just such a purpose. On this day you need not be at the Tomb of the Unknows to respect our national heroes and express our gratitude to them for giving their all for us all. And to do this you need simply to remember how we as a nation arrived to this place in time we are now in and how much blood has been shed to insure our way life. If you can do that, than not only should it bring a tear to your eye, it should also compel you to put down your beer, or frisbee for a moment and personally praise those who made this the nation the home of the brave and made it possible for you to live in the land of the free.
Below you will find a White House 2012 Memorial Day tribute called “Remembrance” and below that you will find a history of the holiday from MemorialDay.org
Memorial Day, originally called Decoration Day, is a day of remembrance for those who have died in our nation’s service. There are many stories as to its actual beginnings, with over two dozen cities and towns laying claim to being the birthplace of Memorial Day. There is also evidence that organized women’s groups in the South were decorating graves before the end of the Civil War: a hymn published in 1867, “Kneel Where Our Loves are Sleeping” by Nella L. Sweet carried the dedication “To The Ladies of the South who are Decorating the Graves of the Confederate Dead” (Source: Duke University’s Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920). While Waterloo N.Y. was officially declared the birthplace of Memorial Day by President Lyndon Johnson in May 1966, it’s difficult to prove conclusively the origins of the day. It is more likely that it had many separate beginnings; each of those towns and every planned or spontaneous gathering of people to honor the war dead in the 1860’s tapped into the general human need to honor our dead, each contributed honorably to the growing movement that culminated in Gen Logan giving his official proclamation in 1868. It is not important who was the very first, what is important is that Memorial Day was established. Memorial Day is not about division. It is about reconciliation; it is about coming together to honor those who gave their all.
Memorial Day was officially proclaimed on 5 May 1868 by General John Logan, national commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, in his General Order No. 11, and was first observed on 30 May 1868, when flowers were placed on the graves of Union and Confederate soldiers at Arlington National Cemetery. The first state to officially recognize the holiday was New York in 1873. By 1890 it was recognized by all of the northern states. The South refused to acknowledge the day, honoring their dead on separate days until after World War I (when the holiday changed from honoring just those who died fighting in the Civil War to honoring Americans who died fighting in any war). It is now celebrated in almost every State on the last Monday in May (passed by Congress with the National Holiday Act of 1971 (P.L. 90 – 363) to ensure a three day weekend for Federal holidays), though several southern states have an additional separate day for honoring the Confederate war dead: January 19 in Texas, April 26 in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi; May 10 in South Carolina; and June 3 (Jefferson Davis’ birthday) in Louisiana and Tennessee.
In 1915, inspired by the poem “In Flanders Fields,”Moina Michael replied with her own poem:
|We cherish too, the Poppy red That grows on fields where valor led, It seems to signal to the skies That blood of heroes never dies.|
She then conceived of an idea to wear red poppies on Memorial day in honor of those who died serving the nation during war. She was the first to wear one, and sold poppies to her friends and co-workers with the money going to benefit servicemen in need. Later a Madam Guerin from France was visiting the United States and learned of this new custom started by Ms.Michael and when she returned to France, made artificial red poppies to raise money for war orphaned children and widowed women. This tradition spread to other countries. In 1921, the Franco-American Children’s League sold poppies nationally to benefit war orphans of France and Belgium. The League disbanded a year later and Madam Guerin approached the VFW for help. Shortly before Memorial Day in 1922 the VFW became the first veterans’ organization to nationally sell poppies. Two years later their “Buddy” Poppy program was selling artificial poppies made by disabled veterans. In 1948 the US Post Office honored Ms Michael for her role in founding the National Poppy movement by issuing a red 3 cent postage stampwith her likeness on it.
Traditional observance of Memorial day has diminished over the years. Many Americans nowadays have forgotten the meaning and traditions of Memorial Day. At many cemeteries, the graves of the fallen are increasingly ignored, neglected. Most people no longer remember the proper flag etiquette for the day. While there are towns and cities that still hold Memorial Day parades, many have not held a parade in decades. Some people think the day is for honoring any and all dead, and not just those fallen in service to our country.
There are a few notable exceptions. Since the late 50’s on the Thursday before Memorial Day, the 1,200 soldiers of the 3d U.S. Infantry place small American flags at each of the more than 260,000 gravestones at Arlington National Cemetery. They then patrol 24 hours a day during the weekend to ensure that each flag remains standing. In 1951, the Boy Scouts and Cub Scouts of St. Louis began placing flags on the 150,000 graves at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery as an annual Good Turn, a practice that continues to this day. More recently, beginning in 1998, on the Saturday before the observed day for Memorial Day, the Boys Scouts and Girl Scouts place a candle at each of approximately 15,300 grave sites of soldiers buried at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park on Marye’s Heights (the Luminaria Program). And in 2004, Washington D.C. held its first Memorial Day parade in over 60 years.
To help re-educate and remind Americans of the true meaning of Memorial Day, the “National Moment of Remembrance” resolution was passed on Dec 2000 which asks that at 3 p.m. local time, for all Americans “To voluntarily and informally observe in their own way a Moment of remembrance and respect, pausing from whatever they are doing for a moment of silence or listening to ‘Taps.”
The Moment of Remembrance is a step in the right direction to returning the meaning back to the day. What is needed is a full return to the original day of observance. Set aside one day out of the year for the nation to get together to remember, reflect and honor those who have given their all in service to their country.
But what may be needed to return the solemn, and even sacred, spirit back to Memorial Day is for a return to its traditional day of observance. Many feel that when Congress made the day into a three-day weekend in with the National Holiday Act of 1971, it made it all the easier for people to be distracted from the spirit and meaning of the day. As the VFW stated in its 2002 Memorial Day address: “Changing the date merely to create three-day weekends has undermined the very meaning of the day. No doubt, this has contributed greatly to the general public’s nonchalant observance of Memorial Day.”
On January 19, 1999 Senator Inouye introduced bill S 189 to the Senatewhich proposes to restore the traditional day of observance of Memorial Day back to May 30th instead of “the last Monday in May”. On April 19, 1999 Representative Gibbons introduced the bill to the House (H.R. 1474). The bills were referred the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Government Reform.
To date, there has been no further developments on the bill. Please write your Representative and your Senators, urging them to support these bills. You can also contact Mr. Inouyeto let him know of your support.
Visit our Help Restore the Traditional Day of Observance page for more information on this issue, and for more ways you can help.
To see what day Memorial Day falls on for the next 10 years, visit the Memorial Day Calendar page.
Filed under: General Issues & Events Tagged: | American Civil War, arlington national cemetary, Arlington National Cemetery, G.O.P., GOP, Grand Army of the Republic, Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery, kempite, Memorial Day, Memorial Day tribute, memorial day video, memorial day youttube, memorial day youtube video tribute, Moina Michael, Remembering America's war dead, remembering those who gave their lives for us, republican memorial day tribute, republican presidential election, Taps, the history of memorial day, The Old Guard, The Tomb of the Unknowns, Tomb Guard sentinels. 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment, Tomb of the unknown - soldier yelling at laughing crowd, United States, White House 2012, white house memorial day tribute