Luis Fortuno

(Also visit Luis Fortuno’s White House 2012’s Vice Presidential Contenders Page)

Puerto Rico Governor Luis Fortuno

Born: October 31, 1960, San Juan, Puerto Rico

Spouse(s): Luca Vela

Children : Mara Luisa, Luis Roberto, Guillermo

Residence : San Juan, Puerto Rico

Alma mater: Colegio Marista, Georgetown University, Univeristy of Virginia School of Law

Profession: Lawyer

Religion: Roman Catholic `

Political Career :

  • 1993 – Executive Director of the Puerto Rico Tourism Company
  • 1993 – President, Hotel Development Corporation
  • 1994 – Became Puerto Rico’s first Secretary Puerto Rico Economic Develpment and Commerce
  • 2004 -Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives which in Puerto Rico has the title, Resident Commissioner and is a four year term
  • 2008 – Elected Governor of Puerto Rico



Click Here to Review Fortuno’s Voting Record and Positions on the Issues


Click here for Luis Fortuno’s Facebook Page

Facebook site allowed any

Luis Fortuño

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Luis Fortuno is not well known to most Americans, yet. But an intricate set of unique circumstances are likely to place Fortuno in a roll that will eventually make him a well known national Republican.

Fortuno is Puerto Rican and the first Republican to be elected Governor of Puerto Rico since 1969 and only the second elected since 1949. Prior to his rise to Governor of this American territory he served as one of only three Republicans to ever be elected to represent it in the U.S. Congress.

All of these distinctions help demonstrate Fortuno’s ability to connect and relate with a Puerto Rican electorate that normally leans predominantly to the left and squarely in the arms of the Democrat Party, a quality that the Republican Party sorely needs, especially when it comes to appealing to Hispanic voters. For that reason, you can look forward to the G.O.P. raising Luis Fortuno’s visibility and recruiting him to help spread the Republican message in to the fast growing Hispanic voting population.

The strategy to elevate figures to national acclaim and use an unknown, young candidate to motivate minorities is not an unusual one. Actually it is right out of the Democrat playbook. It was Democrats who in 2004 took a young unknown African-American, who unlike Fortuno, a Governor, was little more than an obscure state legislator, and gave him center stage with the opportunity to deliver a prime time keynote address. Two years later he was a United States Senator and less then a year after that, he was running a successful election for President.

While Luis Fortuno did not even consider running for President in 2012, he may soon have to consider accepting the viced presidential nomination, and for good reason.  Beyond his popularity among the citizens of Puerto Rica and his appeal to Hispanics outside of Puerto Rico, Fortuno is a Reagan Republican whose conservative thinking and record will have plenty of traction among Americans of all persuasions. Fortunostates that Reagan was “clear in what he envisioned, a party that is open to ideas, the free flow of ideas and goods and services”, and he has added that believes “we have to go back to those principles.

As Governor, Fortuno is practicing those core Republican principles to tackle a record $3.2 billion deficit. He has cut expenses across the board, instituted salary reductions of 30 percent for himself, department heads and political appointments. He has also been implementing policies such as cutting taxes and creating new private-sector jobs in the place of government handouts.

At the moment, a G.O.P. ticket with Puerto Rico’s Governor Fortuno on it may seem far fetched, but it’s called history folks, and stranger things have made history and eventually come to be seen as quite natural.

83 Responses

  1. you got to be crazy.. to vote again for luis., he got no personality.,he lies.. he is invissible.,somebody else run his job., he had no vote., no voice., he let us down

    • Heck, some wackos like you probably voted for Hussein Obama, and had the experience of a Boy Scout on his first camping trip. But wait, if you live in Puerto Rico, you have no presidential vote. Tsk Tsk, sad story, it breaks my heart. That happens when you let PR democrats run the 60+ years lie called “ELA”. Let’s do this, I will make sure Obama goes back to pick up the trash from the streets of Chicago and that if Fortuño ever decides to runs for office in DC he gets elected. Deal?

    • A Romney/Fortuno ticket sounds good to me. Both men have actually accomplished something positive and both have shown themselves to be strong executives. I’m tired of talk . I’m ready for a president and vice-president who have shown they have and can accomplish CONSTRUCTIVE CHANGE.

      (Fortuno’s speech at the 2008 Republican convention is especially appropriate now that the gas prices have gone through the ceiling. Too bad people didn’t listen then and voted for Obama.)

  2. Sorry Victor but your job as a paid Puerto Rican Democratic spinster and part of the Puerto Rico Popular Democratic Party (PPD in Spanish) won’t work here. Let me clarify something, Puerto Rico is a government run wealth fare State with over 300,000 State jobs for a population of just little over 4,000,000. Since 1969 and the last Republican Governor in PR. The Democratic Governors, Congress and Senate have added hundreds of thousands of jobs with the mission of buying votes and destroying the private sector with one the highest state income tax schemes in the country. The last Governor added over 20,000 jobs ilegally right before the elections in a desperate maneuver to win even though he got indicted for corruption charges. Luis Fortuno has come into office with a new Republican mayority in the House and Senate. He was facing a bankrupt economy but having a conservative mind set has been able to turn Puerto Rico in the right direction by cutting taxes, cutting 20,000 political State jobs, opened the market with less government intervention and for the 1st time in decades Puerto Rico is on the right track to pay out is debt in a couple of years. If that’s not a good job then what is?

    America wanted change and got Obama, Puerto Rico needed change and got Fortuno. At the end America didn’t get what they wanted in Obama and Puerto Rico got more than what they
    needed in Fortuno.

    • If that is true, why does the
      “The Economist” Say otherwise???

    • How’s that 30% unemployemnt rate in PR going for ya? Wanna become a state now? We’d welcome you anytime.

    • I agree 100%….

      • I don’t.

        First of all, Tito needs to stop trying to being funny, because his lame jokes and references to Ben Afleck and Ben Franklin because someone is named Ben, borders on the retarded.

        Secondly, if he is unwilling to present the case that supposedly proves his point, than why does he bother going out of his way to disagree?

        Tito might want to consider dedicating more of his time to searching for crap on those sewers of Manhattan that he is oddly infatuated with.

  3. He sure looks Muslim to me and his wife’s name, Luca, could be from anywhere in Latin America, she has a clear Mexican features. Show us proof of his citizenship!

    • Puertorricans are american citizens, so they dont have to show you any proof, ignorant.

      • It is very sad that a whole bunch of ignorants speak about something they have no knowledge of. For your information 1. The U.S. Constitution only requires that a President or Vice-President be a Natural Born U.S. Citizen, meaning that he be a citizen from birth. Puerto Ricans pursuant to 8 U.S.C. 1402 are United States Citizen at birth. There is NO DIFERENCE between Citizenship of some one born in the U.S. Mainland and some one born in one of the U.S. Territiries other than a whole bunch of ignorants who cites arguments with no sources or proof. The only U.S. Citizen who can not run For President or Vice-Presidents are Naturalized U.S. Citizens. As you can see Puerto Ricans ARE NOT NATURALIZED CITIZENS. 2. For those of you who don’t believe that some one born in a territory is disqualified from being President or Vice-President let’s do a test. Do people born in the territory of Washington, DC which IS NOT A STATE of the Union allowed to become President or Vice-President, the answer is YES, so the same applies to Puerto Ricans.

        • Puerto Rican’s have a statutory citizenship imposed by the Jones Act is not a constitutional one, and yes is a second class…Is not a problem since the also have the constitutional one if their parents are US citizens which is the case of virtually everyone born in the past generations. Thirdly we have the Puerto Rican citizenship, which the Commonwealth constitution refers, as well as the Congressional Decrees… The last decision was Colon v. Department of State in which the appeal’s court reaffirmed that the Puerto Rican citizenship was always under it since Puerto Rico is under the plenary powers of Congress.

          About the requirements you need to read the whole text not cherry pick.
          No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States. -> 35 years or older and 14 years of resident within. It is the last of the three that Fortuño fails.

          • Jose again you are as dum as it gets. I am an attorney and I am telling you. In order for you to understand what is a statute you have gto study. Just read the following:

            1. All Federal statutes derive their power from the U.S. Constitution, read the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution. All Citizenships derives their status from the same source, the U.S. Constitution. Now I recomend you to read a dictionary and find out what the term at birth as refered in the statute means.

            2. For all laws of the United States the term United States means the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico any territory etc. So Fortuno complies with the residency requirement as Puerto Rico is in the United States.

            3. Just as the citizenship of Texas every State has its citizenship and they apply their local laws and constitution in order to declare some one that was not from there citizen of that State upon fulfilling their residency requirement, I’ll go further I invite you to read the Texan Constitution and you will find out that on papers Texas is an Independent State.

            4. A proof that a Statutory Citizenship has the same force and legal effect than a constitutional citizenship is the case of John McCain he was born in the Republic of Panama on a Military Base and was granted statutory as you called citizenship and was a candidate with no problem.

            I really feel sorry for you because you have issues, maybe you are tired of being treated as an speck and think that everyone is like you with a second class citizenship which by the way has never existed. The reson why Puerto Rico does not vote for President or VP it has nothing to do with the citizenship of the People of Puerto Rico, it has to do with the way the United State Constitution is framed which only give electoral votes to the States and the only territory of the nation who votes is Washington DC which votes trough an ammendment to the U.S. Constitution. Now I recomend you to research if the Citizenship of people born in the territory of DC have difererent citizenship. Before you write “read”. The appeals court case youmention has nothing to do with the real fact that Puerto Rico do has a citizenship of their own just as the citizens of the other States but the U.S. Citizenship supersedes any other citizenship.

          • 1. Insular cases: Supreme Court states, the constitution applies on a case by case on the organized territories of the US. They only part of the constitution that cannot be ignored is the bill or rights. Read them.
            2. Forget all commercial laws, tax laws, etc. Territories are property of, but not part of… READ THE INSULAR CASES.
            3. A state citizenship in the Union is not the same as the citizenship of another nation (who freely in equal terms engage in a relation if you believe the Commonwealth constitution)
            4. Basic principles of international law: military bases and embassies are territory of the nation. Being in a military base is US soil not the soil of the foreign nation. That is IR 101.

            Don’t feel sorry for me. It is your nation that is occupying mine, you should feel ashamed in any case. I unlike the occupying forces do not try to mess with yall’s political system. I respect your sovereignty and whatever yall want in yall’s constitution. I wouldn’t vote for VP, President or for any position in your federal government because I do not mess with other people’s right to self determination. I could easily register and vote in TX, been studying here for 2 years. I will not do so because the only nation-state I have a right and duty to engage with the privilege of voting is my own.

            PS: You have read the Texan constitution? We had to read part for American Politics and is one of the longest constitutions of all states. FTW

        • The District of Columbia is a Federal Enclave not a Territory. The District of Columbia is the seat of the Federal Government. The Federal Government has two Constitutions just like there are two United States. The United States (i.e. the corporate entity) and the united States of America (i.e. the individual states united). Currently the United States is being run as a corporation and is running amok of the organic laws as laid out in the founding documents.

          With regard to a natural born citizen, the meaning has been settled as to mean a person born to parents that are both US citizens.

    • your comment are so lame and stupid…

      • Jose, You have convinced me that your time spent seeking hiher education has been wasted. You have wasted your time, the time spent by those trying to educate you and the financial resources of other who have undoubtedly ands unwittingly subsidized your education.

        You are obviously a very stupid young socialist. In fact I think you may have something beyond asimple lack of intelligence. Your absolute inability to correctly comprehend or interpret anything that claim Luis Fortuno cannot run Vice President, leads me to believe that you may have a form of Aspergers. You might want to leave the so-called land of the forces occupying Puerto Rico and get seek a medical diagnosis. Maybe you should to go Cuba. At least there you’ll find some more support for your flawed political belief system.

        You can cut and paste all the case laws you watn, but the fact that you stubborly misinterpret them does not change the fact that each case you present, and each legal reference you make does not change the fact that Luis Fortuno, a former United States Congressman form Puerto Rico, meets every constitutional requirement there is to be eligible for Vice President and by nature of those requirements, is alos eligible for the presidency of the United States.

        Ironically though, while he is eligible to be Vice President or President, Puerto Rico’s status as a Territory does not allow him or other registered voters of Puerto Rico to vote for President of the United States.

        These are mere facts that you are just too stupid to get through your thick skull.

        But that aside, your obvious disdain for the United States makes me wonder why the hell you chose to come to the mainland of the United States and be educated by the so-called occupiers of your island? And if the United States is simply an occupying force in Puerto Rico, Why have Puerto Ricans not taken the opportunity to throw us out when they were given the chance to do so when they voted on the issue?

        Your Castro-like spin on things makes me regret the fact that you can come to my nation, take advantage of its education system, and then disparage my nation. If you do not appreciate the financial benefits and national security that my nation supplies the island which you live on and is territorially owned by nation, then stop particpating in the benefits that my nation provides you. Until then, please stop kidding yourself by thinking you understand any of the material your are cutting and pasting. Your attempts to continue arguing that Luis Fortuno is not a citizen of the United States and is not eligible to be either Vice President or President, merely acts as evidence of how truly dumb you are.

  4. This guy is a fascist using the super majority he has in the Supreme Court, the House, and the Senate to pass unconstitutional laws. While Puerto Rico experiences a 364 murders/capita he uses the police to torture, make illegally arrest, sexual harass the female students, and whatnot. He is using the federal courts to make an illegal class suite in order to destroy the Attorneys Guild that have been voicing out the abuses. The Justice Department has recognized the police brutality, while Fortuo call heroes and support 100% the police actions. ACLU is currently working cases against him in the federal forum and in the United Nations, Amnesty International is also taking measures. Al Jazeera has also taken footage of abuses and so on. I would love to have him out of the country as fast as possible! My Republican candidate is Ron Paul but if that is what it takes to take this fascist who stands against Freedom of Speech, of the Press, peaceful reunion, republican system I would be in favor of his candidature. He says he is in favor of a small government but in practice he is just giving the government a ridiculous amount of power to control the courts of law, having no separation of power or counter balance, and imposing the government agenda in all aspects of the society like the university. That guy is a lot more dangerous than a democrat big government agenda!

    • This is well said, and being a Puerto RIcan I agree with this guy instead with the one that said that Fortuo was a Savior…

      • Fortuno is the best governor in Puerto Rico since Munoz Marin. Do you have any idea what deficit or credit ratings are? Fortuno has simplified the tax system, cut the deficit, trimmed an extremely bloated bureaucracy, etc. He has done things in Puerto Rico (with disadvantages) that politicians fail to do in the U.S. mainland. Off of his work Puerto Rico’s economy is projected to grow while the rest of the mainland is in recession. He has put aside the stagnant welfare states put in place largely by Rosello, Calderon, and Acevedo to put in place a fiscally conservative government. He understands what Obama, Democrats, and Socialist European governments (which will collapse in the near future) don’t. More importantly he did what Republicans on the mainland give lip service about doing but when in office never do.

        As for the guy who mentioned the murder rate, he also failed to mention that the murder rate has been high long before Fortuno. Fortuno can only do so much in one term. Considering what he has done already would you like him to perform magic tricks or walk on water next. Fortuno is actually a governor who works with federal agencies unlike previous governor’s who think of Puerto Rico as something legally different then a U.S. jurisdiction, which is not the case.

  5. The US Constitution states that the President has to be US born, this guy does not qualify. He’s also probably the worst governor PR has ever elected. In his 2 yrs in office the murder rate has soared and the population has shrunk, people are moving away in droves. PR has become a police state with one of the highest per capita police rates in the world. GOP wants him? Good riddance!

    • No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.
      Actually he is not eligible not because he is natural born citizen as he was born to US citizens on a US territory but he hasn’t been resident for 14 years in the within the United States to the best of my knowledge. Doing some calculations on my side he still is 3 years away of residency within the US to be eligible. Maybe not for the 2012 elections but if he wants to run for 2016 he would have to move to a state for at least three years, where he can do less harm to Puerto Ricans!

      • For the Dumb and Dumber: Please educate yourself before you post. Stop playing videos or facebook your stupid friends and go do something productive: attend college.

        “Anyone falling into these categories is considered natural-born, and is eligible to run for President or Vice President. These provisions allow the children of military families to be considered natural-born, for example.

        Separate sections handle territories that the United States has acquired over time, such as Puerto Rico (8 USC 1402), Alaska (8 USC 1404), Hawaii (8 USC 1405), the U.S. Virgin Islands (8 USC 1406), and Guam (8 USC 1407). Each of these sections confer citizenship on persons living in these territories as of a certain date, and usually confer natural-born status on persons born in those territories after that date. For example, for Puerto Rico, all persons born in Puerto Rico between April 11, 1899, and January 12, 1941, are automatically conferred citizenship as of the date the law was signed by the President (June 27, 1952). Additionally, all persons born in Puerto Rico on or after January 13, 1941, are natural-born citizens of the United States. Note that because of when the law was passed, for some, the natural-born status was retroactive.

        • I am attending college, Second year Junior @TX… You should definitively take a course or two in English with focus in reading comprehension. I agree completely with the natural born requirement but unless with math is equally bad he has not lived as resident of a state or the District of Columbia for 14 yeas or more.

    • What is Puerto Rico to you? Check the facts And don’t tell me you can see it from your home.Have a great day…

    • Puerto Rico is part of the US. He can run.

  6. Luis Fortuno and all the American residents of Puerto Rico are Natural Born US Citizens.

    Please get your fact straight.

    • Thank you Mag. The stupidity in some of these comments was so astonishingly ignorant that I did not want to bother with a response. But I am glad to know that some people do have their facts straight.

    • Just a little problem in the wording…
      Luis Fortuno and all the American residents of Puerto Rico are Natural Born US Citizens. –>
      They can be born in China but since they are sons of US citizens they are natural born US citizens.
      Anyone born in a US territory is US citizen born that includes military bases, embassies, PR (Jones Law)…

      The wording indicates that all American residents of PR are natural born -> that’s incorrect. US citizen status and at the same time be Puerto Rico residents is achievable through visa expedition, naturalization; a status of US citizen-Puerto Rico resident while not being natural born citizens is possible.

      Still you do not have to be a US citizen to be resident and vote in PR if you opt to have your Puerto Rican citizenship alone, this protects you against being unlawful or being deported for example.

  7. If you’re going to be involved in government in the United States, citizenship is a must. To be a Senator or Representative, you must be a citizen of the United States. To be President, not only must you be a citizen, but you must also be natural-born. Aside from participation in government, citizenship is an honor bestowed upon people by the citizenry of the United States when a non-citizen passes the required tests and submits to an oath.

    Natural-born citizen

    Who is a natural-born citizen? Who, in other words, is a citizen at birth, such that person can be a President someday?

    The 14th Amendment defines citizenship this way: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.” But even this does not get specific enough. As usual, the Constitution provides the framework for the law, but it is the law that fills in the gaps. The Constitution authorizes the Congress to do create clarifying legislation in Section 5 of the 14th Amendment; the Constitution, in Article 1, Section 8, Clause 4, also allows the Congress to create law regarding naturalization, which includes citizenship.

    Currently, Title 8 of the U.S. Code fills in the gaps left by the Constitution. Section 1401 defines the following as people who are “citizens of the United States at birth:”

    Anyone born inside the United States *

    Any Indian or Eskimo born in the United States, provided being a citizen of the U.S. does not impair the person’s status as a citizen of the tribe

    Any one born outside the United States, both of whose parents are citizens of the U.S., as long as one parent has lived in the U.S.

    Any one born outside the United States, if one parent is a citizen and lived in the U.S. for at least one year and the other parent is a U.S. national

    Any one born in a U.S. possession, if one parent is a citizen and lived in the U.S. for at least one year

    Any one found in the U.S. under the age of five, whose parentage cannot be determined, as long as proof of non-citizenship is not provided by age 21

    Any one born outside the United States, if one parent is an alien and as long as the other parent is a citizen of the U.S. who lived in the U.S. for at least five years (with military and diplomatic service included in this time)

    A final, historical condition: a person born before 5/24/1934 of an alien father and a U.S. citizen mother who has lived in the U.S.

    * There is an exception in the law the person must be “subject to the jurisdiction” of the United States. This would exempt the child of a diplomat, for example, from this provision.

    Anyone falling into these categories is considered natural-born, and is eligible to run for President or Vice President. These provisions allow the children of military families to be considered natural-born, for example.

    Separate sections handle territories that the United States has acquired over time, such as Puerto Rico (8 USC 1402), Alaska (8 USC 1404), Hawaii (8 USC 1405), the U.S. Virgin Islands (8 USC 1406), and Guam (8 USC 1407).

    Each of these sections confer citizenship on persons living in these territories as of a certain date, and usually confer natural-born status on persons born in those territories after that date. For example, for Puerto Rico, all persons born in Puerto Rico between April 11, 1899, and January 12, 1941, are automatically conferred citizenship as of the date the law was signed by the President (June 27, 1952). Additionally, all persons born in Puerto Rico on or after January 13, 1941, are natural-born citizens of the United States. Note that because of when the law was passed, for some, the natural-born status was retroactive.

    The law contains one other section of historical note, concerning the Panama Canal Zone and the nation of Panama. In 8 USC 1403, the law states that anyone born in the Canal Zone or in Panama itself, on or after February 26, 1904, to a mother and/or father who is a United States citizen, was “declared” to be a United States citizen. Note that the terms “natural-born” or “citizen at birth” are missing from this section.

    I wrote this for those who don’t know the LAW regarding United States Citizenship but I can also read it for those who can’t read or write….

  8. You know what really scares me here? So many of these voters in Puerto Rico do not even know their own status. So many are unaware that they are U.S. citizens. Yet these same people vote for or against statehood from time to time.

  9. It’s ok,

    Many people here in the continental US have never heard of PR being part of the US. There has never been a plebiscite in PR that had just one question “Yes” or “No” to Statehood. Its always been too many options, too many possibilities, even the ridiculous option of “None of the above”. Study shows that Puerto Ricans given only two options “Statehood” or “Independence” would vote in a super majority (97 percent) towards Statehood. Many States show the same percentage of having 3 or more percentage of the population that given the chance would vote for separation or independence from the United States. Main example would be Texas.

    My belief is Fortuno would be a great President and would steer this nation towards prosperity and fiscal responsibility.

    Unfortunately this nation is going the same route as the Roman Empire. If we don’t learn from our past our nation will break up into independent States/countries. If we don’t protect our borders, it’s not far fetch to see in a near future States like Arizona or Texas taking actions to protect themselves from this on going invasion from Mexico and declare independence.

    This time around it won’t be “Tea” taxes from England but our “Unwillingness” to do anything.

    • I understood that statehood votes have offered at least 4 or options, but I as just stunned to learne from this string of stupidity that wee see here, that so many did not know their own status. Here in the continenental U.S. I am aware that some have no realization about Puerto Rico. That wouldn’t surprise me. In fact I bet you that there are many continental U.S. citizens who would be find to realize that Hawaiians are citizens of the U.S.. I gues the lesson is that there are idiots in every society, including in Puerto Rico. and the United States.

    • Puerto Rico is a COLONY we don’t get to decide anything. That said Congress has plenary powers meaning it does not matter at all what Puerto Ricans want or not. There is no way that Statehood is achievable due to two facts. Congress does not want that, it has never been a choice and it is not present nor will it be. Secondly, while one has plenary powers over the second one (this is due to the illegal treaty of Paris 1898, Foraker, Jones, and the Insular Cases) so there is no way Puerto Rians get a saying is just going to the master and telling them hey after 112 years could you make up your mind or dunno kind of do something… They haven’t done anything because they want Puerto Rico as a colony for their benefit.
      Any real pro-statehood would just declare Puerto Rico independent forcing the issue and having Congress at last decide between the two options you either make us part of the Union or you recognize our right to self determination, there isn’t a send 60k troops to invade a sovereign nation and declare AGAIN a colony.
      Fortuo is NOT a republican, and he isn’t fiscal responsible! He is just a crooked dictator that funds public assets to private companies (who fund him), he says the State should limit to basic functions but his political agenda has been ALWAYS to increase its power over all the sectors: increasing the Supreme Court justices, increasing grasp on the state university board of trustees, making liaisons between religious groups and government agencies, etc. While he fires one public sector he gives “contracts” for three times the same amount to do the same job. He has been borrowing money like crazy… he even decided to spend over 102M on publicity campaign (their supporters), on the police and legal firms (their friends) to get a 40M fee out of the students… Of course now it will force the state university to borrow again from the banks (their major contributors).

  10. H.R.2499:

    Puerto Rico Democracy Act of 2010

    he Puerto Rico Democracy Act is a bill to provide for a federally sanctioned self-determination process for the people of Puerto Rico.

    This act would provide for plebiscites to be held in Puerto Rico to determine the island’s ultimate political status. The bill was approved by the House of Representatives on April 29, 2010 by a recorded vote of 223169. It was not approved by the Senate and died with the sine die adjournment of the 111th Congress.

    The bill has been introduced twice in the United States Congress, first in 2007 and again in 2009.


    Puerto Rico is a self-governing unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands. It was ceded to the United States as part of the Treaty of Paris during the Spanish-American War. In 1952, the U.S. Congress ratified the Constitution of Puerto Rico, proclaiming Puerto Rico as an insular commonwealth. However, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has territorial status subject to United States congressional authority under the Territorial Clause of the U.S. Constitution, to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory belonging to the United States.” This has been subject of ongoing debate in Puerto Rico, the United States, and the United Nations.

    Three plebiscites have been held in recent decades to resolve the political status but no changes have been attained. Support for inclusion to the United States as a U.S. state and the desire to retain its current political status (status quo) remains about equal. Support for independence usually receives 3-5% of the electoral votes.

    Puerto Rico Democracy Act of 2007

    The 2007 bill, (H.R.900) was introduced in the United States House of Representatives on February 7, 2007 by Congressman Jos Serrano (D-New York). The bill would have provided for a referendum to be held no later than December 31, 2009. The referendum would have given Puerto Ricans the choice between the options of retaining their present political status, or choosing a new status. If the former option were to win, the referendum would have been held again every 8 years. If the latter option were to win, a separate referendum would have been held no later than December 31, 2011. In this referendum, Puerto Ricans would have been given the option of being admitted as a U.S. State “on equal footing with the other states,” or becoming a “sovereign nation, either fully independent from or in free association with the United States.” Were Puerto Ricans to choose statehood, independence, or free association, the US Congress would have had six months to act on the wishes of the Puerto Rican people.

    The Act had bi-partisan support in the House of Representatives, with 129 co-sponsors,[1] and was introduced in the U.S. Senate as S. 1936 with bi-partisan support on August 2, 2007 by Sen. Ken Salazar (D-CO) with 15 co-sponsors.[2] The bill was never voted on before the 110th Congress ended.

    Puerto Rico Democracy Act of 2010

    The 2009 bill (H.R.2499), was introduced in the United States House of Representatives on May 19, 2009 by Pedro Pierluisi (D-Puerto Rico) who is the Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico to the United States Congress (not a voting-member of the House of Representatives).[3] The bill would provide for a referendum giving Puerto Ricans the choice between the options of retaining their present political status, or choosing a new status.[4] If the former option were to win, the referendum would have been held again every 8 years. If the latter option were to win, a separate referendum would be held where Puerto Ricans would have been given the option of being admitted as a US State “on equal footing with the other states,” or becoming a “sovereign nation, either fully independent from or in free association with the United States.” The bill enjoys bi-partisan support in the House of Representatives, with 182 co-sponsors.[5]

    Key issues before Congress

    The key issues of this bill that are considered “debatable” are:[6]

    plebiscite vs. constitutional convention

    participation of Puerto Rican population not living in the Island

    exact meaning of “Sovereignty in association with the United States”

    Plebiscite vs. constitutional convention

    H.R. 2499 proposes to take the question directly to voters in at least one plebiscite. For those who believe that direct democracy is the best method for readdressing the status issue, the plebiscite approach could be preferred. Plebiscites, however, necessarily include pre-determined questions and answers (i.e., the options listed on the ballot). Other proposals (e.g., H.R. 110-1230) suggest a more grassroots-oriented approach involving constitutional conventions without preconditions on the issues to be considered or options to be proposed. The plebiscite approach is perhaps a more efficient way to ascertain the electorates views on specific questions, but plebiscites do not allow for modification of the questions presented. By contrast, although conventions have the potential advantage of allowing for wide-ranging debate, they rely on delegates to represent popular will and might or might not be able to reach a politically viable status choice.[7]

    Participation of Puerto Ricans not living in Puerto Rico

    Under H.R. 2499, Puerto Ricans living on the Island and U.S. citizens born in Puerto Rico but not necessarily living there today would be eligible to participate in the plebiscites. This approach is substantially similar to the one proposed in H.R. 900 in the 110th Congress. Allowing non-residents to vote outside their current jurisdiction of residence is not typical in elections, but this aspect of the proposal would provide an opportunity for the substantial Puerto Rican population living elsewhere (assuming they were born in Puerto Rico and remain U.S. citizens) to participate in what many view as an essential Puerto Rican political debate. Proposals to allow those living outside Puerto Rico to vote in plebiscites do not appear to have generated substantial controversy, according to a Congressional Research Service analysis.[8]

    Meaning of “Sovereignty in association with the United States”

    The first and third status options in the second plebiscite independence and statehood, respectively are straightforward. The second option, however, uses terminology that is not widely recognized in discussions of political status. It proposes: “Sovereignty in Association with the United States: Puerto Rico and the United States should form a political association between sovereign nations that will not be subject to the Territorial Clause of the United States Constitution.”[9]

    Sovereignty in association with the United States is not a term of art typically used in status discussions. The proposed ballot language suggests that Puerto Rico would become an independent nation but maintain a close relationship with the U.S., perhaps akin to a concept known as free association. Free association generally implies negotiated legal, economic, or defense ties between two independent nations. Three former territories the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau are currently engaged in free association with the United States. (Following World War II, the U.S. administered all three of those territories on behalf of the United Nations, although they were never U.S. territories per se but United Nations Trust Territories.) Based on current compact agreements with the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau, the U.S. provides those countries with defense protection and various forms of economic aid. If the sovereign association language proposed in H.R. 2499 is viewed as something akin to free association, the future relationship between the U.S. and an independent Puerto Rico could resemble the current relationships between the United States and the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau.[10]

    Sovereignty in association with the United States might also be interpreted to mean so-called enhanced commonwealth, an option that is not a particular territorial status or official term, but which has been a component of previous popular status debates. Generally, enhanced commonwealth suggests a relationship that is, essentially, something between territorial status and statehood. Recent presidential task force reports have concluded that such an option would be unconstitutional because land under United States sovereignty must either be a State or a territory,[11] but some in Puerto Rico maintain that such a political status could be negotiated between Puerto Rico and the U.S.[12] These are two possible interpretations of option #2 in the second plebiscite and, in the absence of additional information, the precise meaning of the option is unclear.[13]


    On June 24, 2009, the U.S. House Committee on Natural Resources held a hearing on the bill with the participation of the Governor of Puerto Rico, and others like Jennifer Gonzalez, speaker of the Puerto Rico House of Representatives, Thomas Rivera Schatz, president of the Senate of Puerto Rico.[14]

    Committee assignments

    Referred to the United States House Committee on Natural Resources.

    Committee vote

    The House Natural Resources Committee, led by Chairman Nick J. Rahall (D-WV), approved the bill and referred it to the United States House of Representatives floor with a 30 in favor 8 against vote.[15]

    House Vote

    On April 22, 2010, Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi announced that H.R. 2499 would be voted on in the week of April 26, 2010.[16]

    on April 29, 2010, H.R. 2499 passed the House with a 223-169 vote. Two amendments were added to H.R. 2499. The first, proposed by Virginia Foxx, stated that it “would allow supporters of the commonwealth status quo the option of voting their preference during the second stage of the plebiscite.” The second, proposed by Dan Burton, stated that it “would retain the requirement that all ballots used for authorized plebiscites include the full content of the ballot printed in English” a consideration already contemplated in Puerto Rican electoral law. It would also require the Puerto Rico State Elections Commission to inform voters in all authorized plebiscites that if Puerto Rico retains its current status or is admitted as a State: (1) any official language requirements of the Federal Government shall apply to Puerto Rico to the same extent as throughout the United States (regardless of the fact that English is already an official language in Puerto Rico); and (2) it is the Sense of Congress that the teaching of English be promoted in Puerto Rico in order for English-language proficiency to be achieved”; regardless of the fact that English is already taught in all grades from primary school, middle school, and high school, as well as in higher education.[17]

    Senate Hearing

    Immediately following House passage, H.R. 2499 was sent to the U.S. Senate, where it was given two formal readings and referred to the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. A hearing was scheduled on May 19, 2010 for the purpose of gathering testimony on the bill. Among those scheduled to offer testimony are Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico Pedro Pierluisi; Governor of Puerto Rico Luis Fortuo; President of the Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico Hctor Ferrer; and President of the Puerto Rican Independence Party Rubn Berros.[18] H.R. 2499 officially died with the sine die adjournment of the 111th Congress. It is not known if a similar bill will be introduced in the 112th Congress.


    ^ “H.R.900”. Library of Congress. October 23, 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-19.

    ^ S. 1936: Puerto Rico Democracy Act of 2007 (

    ^ 111th Congress (2009) (May 19, 2009). “H.R. 2499”. Legislation. Retrieved May 21, 2009. “Puerto Rico Democracy Act of 2009”

    ^ HR 2499 Puerto Rico Democracy Act Website

    ^ HR 2499 Cosponsors

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Page 2. Retrieved April 29, 2010.

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress, Page 1

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress, Page 1

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress, Page 2

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress, Page 2

    ^ 2007 President’s Task Force Report, Page 6

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress, Page 2

    ^ Political Status of Puerto Rico: Options for Congress, Page 2

    ^ Resources Committee Schedule on HR 2499

    ^ Committee approves status bill (Spanish) El Nuevo Dia

    ^ Puerto Rico Status Bill Coming to a Vote – Hon. Pedro Pierluisi | Puerto Rico


    ^ Official Website of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

  11. Why should the U.S. want Puerto Rico as a state?

    We would benefit from it. Puerto Ricans have brought much to our society; politically, economically, culturally

    The Puerto Rican people have earned it through their steadfast support of our country, our flag, and by sending their sons and daughters to fight in US wars, our wars, ever since the Spanish American War in 1898.

    We cannot continue to operate a colony, forcing U.S. citizens to accept a second-class citizenship, one without full political rights and equal representation, and not guaranteed by the constitution. The United States is a republic, not an empire

    U.S. taxpayers are paying billions per year to prop up an economy that in its present form doesnt work well. It doesn’t provide proportionate economic benefit for Puerto Ricans, nor does it provide to pay their share.

    Commonwealth status was never meant to be permanent , it was meant as a transitional step.

    Why should Puerto Ricans want to be a state?

    They should not have to wait any longer to gain constitutionally-guaranteed citizenship with full political rights and responsibilities

    Puerto Ricans would then share as everyone else in full benefits from our government, while paying taxes like everyone else

    In the words of Don Luis Ferre, Ex-Governor of Puerto Rico, and winner of the U.S. Medal of Freedom, “It is an honor to be a citizen of the greatest country in the history of the World.”

    What would it cost the U.S. taxpayer to bring Puerto Rico into the fold?

    Based on studies conducted by noted economists, it is projected that Puerto Rico as a state will actually contribute to, rather than be dependent upon, the U.S. taxpayer.

    Heres why. Under the current system, Puerto Rico costs the U.S. over $9.7 billion yearly. Why? Because thats what we lose from a combination of federal taxes forgone from large corporations doing business on the island as well as from individuals, together with grants-in-aid and transfer payments to the island. Puerto Rico gets significant amounts of federal grants-in-aid and transfer payments to individuals, such as veterans benefits, and welfare payments, which are not off-set by taxes collected on the island. (Puerto Ricans also draw Social Security, but they pay into it like everyone else.) These payments are in large part “needs tested.” In other words, they support people who are elderly, poor or disabled.

    Nothing wrong with that, except that no income taxes are being paid in. Part of the reason there are so many poor people in Puerto Rico is that the economic system in place under Commonwealth just doesnt work well, creating a situation where many people are out of work; many underemployed.

    If Puerto Rico were to vote for independence, even though there is no evidence that they will, it would also be costly. It is inconceivable that the U.S. would set Puerto Rico adrift without a large “transition package” and continued foreign aid of a large magnitude. Remember, we are talking here of people who are currently U.S. citizens, who would demand favorable treatment and help. Puerto Rico, as an island with 3.8 million people and no other significant natural resources, is not economically viable as a separate nation without significant external aid and free access to large markets like our own. La Alcaldia (city hall) In San Juan.

    With statehood, Puerto Rico can be economically viable and a contributor to our nations wealth.

    Look at what happened to the last two states admitted to the Union, Hawaii and Alaska. Both economies grew substantially after being admitted to the Union and became net contributors to the U.S. Treasury. Puerto Rico would receive equal treatment in both taxes and benefits, the same as the other states. Benefits to the island under the current system are limited by Congress. Those limitations would be removed. At the same time, payments of federal taxes would be phased in, as provided by the enabling legislation. We estimate Puerto Rico as a state will contribute nearly $2 billion to the U.S. Treasury each year. How is that possible? Through economic growth. With economic growth there are more jobs, fewer unemployed, and less of a public assistance burden.

    Why is this statehood issue of Puerto Rico important now? Cant it wait?

    Puerto Ricans have been waiting over 100 years for equal treatment; from 1898 when the United States wrested control of the island from Spain following the Spanish-American War, until today. That is a long time to wait. No other U.S. Territory has been held in limbo for this length of time

    The world has changed during that century. Colonialism was commonplace in 1898, and was a foundation for large industrial economies. Colonies were used as friendly and dependable sources of raw materials for industry, as markets for finished products and for soldier for armies. The world is different today. Everyone in the world has much higher standards and expectations regarding human and civil rights, and worldwide the United States has championed this enhanced notion of self-determination and equality

    The United States remains the leading nation in the world, economically and militarily. More importantly, it is the preeminent standard bearer for democracy. Our nation is still looked to for moral leadership in the world. Therefore, our colonial relationship with Puerto Rico is not justified by todays standards and not in our nations best interest

    Puerto Rico continues to be dependent on the U.S. taxpayers’ assistance

    What are the economic arguments for statehood?

    The arguments for statehood from the U.S. perspective lead to one single overriding factor-economic growth. Statehood means that the island would shed its ineffective and costly reliance on preferential tax credits and more fully integrate into the national economy. In a study by Hexner, Jenkins, Lad and Lame, “Puerto Rican Statehood: A Precondition to Sound Economic Growth,” the case is persuasively made that statehood is necessary for the island’s economic growth.

    Honor Guards at U.S. Cemetry in Bayamon, PR

    Puerto Rico would no longer be a substantial cash drain on the U.S. economy. With statehood, the Puerto Rico economy will grow, become a source of additional revenue to the national treasury, and be less costly in support for the unemployed, the underemployed, and for disabled individuals who require public assistance.

    For Puerto Rico, the standard of living would profoundly improve for the average person. With average income going up, families will be able to pay their fair share of taxes while still improving their net income and standard of living. For those with low incomes, the U.S. citizens of Puerto Rico will have the same access to tax relief and federal support programs as any other citizen of the country, unlike under the present status where significant disparities exist.

    What about the issue of the English language?

    Some have made the argument that Puerto Rico should not be a state because Puerto Ricans do not speak English, and we should not have a non-English speaking state. This is a red herring issue for the following reasons:

    English is already an official language on the island, as is Spanish

    Puerto Ricans are already citizens of the U.S., and have been since the Jones Act of 1917. There was no language requirement with the granting of citizenship then, so it makes no sense to ask this question now. In fact, there has never been a language requirement of territories entering the union in our history

    English is a required subject in public schools through high school

    English is the only language of the Federal Court system and all U.S. government agencies in Puerto Rico and is the common language in banking, commerce, real estate and the tourism industry

    Learning English as well as Spanish just makes good sense. English is the the international language of business, science, and increasingly, diplomacy. Puerto Rico should do all it can to increase English language capability. But, making it a requirement of statehood would ignore the precedents of Enabling Acts of Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Arizona

    Politically, would Puerto Rico be controlled by the Democratic Party or the Republican Party?

    Puerto Rico has a strong and vibrant Republican Party. Former governor Luis Ferre served as Chairman of the Republican Party of Puerto Rico for much of his life. Former Lt. Governor Norma Burgos and many New Progressive Party members of the Puerto Rico Legislature and mayors on the island are Republican.

    Does this mean the Republicans will dominate? No, because Puerto Rico also has a strong and vibrant Democratic Party. Just ask former Governor Pedro Rossello, or Resident Commissioner Carlos Romero Barcelo. They are Democrats.

    Nobody can predict how a state will turn out politically. We must remember that when Hawaii and Alaska came into the Union, it was widely predicted that Hawaii was assured for the Republicans and Alaska would only send Democrats to the Senate and House of Representatives. How did it turn out? Just the opposite.

    Ask Democratic Senators Inouye and Akaka of Hawaii; or Republican Senators Murkowski and Stevens of Alaska, or their Republican Congressman, Don Young. In fact, it has been Don Young who lent his name to the “Young Bill” in 1998 which passed the House of Representatives authorizing a self-determination process for Puerto Rico.

    The fact is, Puerto Rico, like most states in the union, will be a contested state politically, with good candidates from both parties being sent to Washington to represent the island. Puerto Rico is politically sophisticated with a history of strong party affiliation and contested elections. And nearly everyone who is eligible to vote in Puerto Rico exercises that privilege.

    How Does A Territory Become A State?

    Various routes have been taken in the long history of the United States for colonies and territories to become a state. Normally, the area must muster local political support and petition the U.S. Congress for admittance to the Union. The approval process is relatively straightforward. A bill, called an “enabling act,” must gain a majority vote in both houses of the U.S. Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate. When approved, it is signed by the President. Normally there will be provisions in the bill spelling out any transitional measures that must be taken to become a state by either the petitioning entity or the U.S. government. Admission of a state does not change the Constitution. It requires no super majority; nor does it require ratification by the individual states.

    Whats Happening In Congress Now on the Statehood For Puerto Rico issue?


    The 105th (1997-’98) Congress was the most active on this issue of any Congress in History.

    A bill co-sponsored by a host of Congressmen from both Republican and Democratic Parties, (HR 856), after long debate was passed by a vote of 209 to 208. This legislation, The Puerto Rico Political Status Act, commonly referred to as the “Young Bill” after its chief sponsor, Congressman Don Young of Alaska, established definitions for the three basic alternatives, statehood, independence or separate sovereignty, and commonwealth, and a multi-year process by which a final disposition of the issue could be made. Essentially, the process called for a referendum on the issue to be held in Puerto Rico. Once the decision was made for statehood or independence, a process would be set up to transition into that status, to be agreed to by subsequent votes of the U.S. Congress and Puerto Rican referenda.

    Puerto Rico’s Legislature Building

    A similar bill, S-472, was initiated in the Senate, sponsored by Senator Murkowski, Chairman of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee, and a host of co-sponsors. The bill was not reported from committee after the Chairman concluded that due to the lack of time remaining on the legislative calendar, there would not be time for Senate action. What the Senate did do, however, was pass a resolution (S. Res. 279) by unanimous consent that endorsed a Puerto Rico plebiscite (scheduled for December 1998), which called for preferences on status options.

    In December 1998, a non-binding plebiscite on status was held in Puerto Rico, but due to the alternatives presented the voters, little in the way of definite conclusions can be drawn. In addition to the normal alternatives, of statehood, commonwealth, and independence, voters were given the alternatives of None of The Above and Free Association. Because of the confusion on the ballot with definitions of status provided, the None of The Above alternative won the majority (50.2%) votes cast. Statehood won the plurality of votes cast for the actual alternatives decisively (46.5%), followed by Independence (2.5%); Free Association (0.2%; and Commonwealth (0.1%).

    No legislation favoring self determination for Puerto Rico has been pushed in the U.S. Congress during the period 1999-2003. This was due primarily to the preoccupation of Congress with other issues, the national election campaign and Puerto Rican elections that run conterminous, and subsequent world and national events. It was also due in part to the preoccupation in Puerto Rico and the Congress with the issue related to Navy use of Vieques Island for bombing practice and the accidental death of a Puerto Rican security guard. It is possible that legislation could be introduced in 2004 or 2005.

    I heard that not all Puerto Ricans want statehood. Why not?

    It is true that not all Puerto Ricans favor statehood, but the trend for the last two decades has been towards majority support of joining the union. There are some very legitimate reasons why people may favor another alternative, commonwealth (the current status), independence, or free association (like Micronesia). The vast majority of people in Puerto Rico have a very positive feeling towards the United States, even though some may not want to become a state. Although we do not agree with these reasons, we understand them.


    Some people would rather Puerto Rico become an independent country. Puerto Ricans are a proud people and a minority in Puerto Rico want sovereignty as a separate country. We believe that this is an honorable alternative, but in vote after vote, independence has been rejected by the overwhelming majority of Puerto Ricans. National identity is understandable, and is something that the people of every territory that ever became a state of the United States had to grapple with. Strong national and state identity is evident in every state of the union. Indeed, the original 13 colonies had to also deal with this issue over whether or not and how to give up some of their individual sovereignty in order to form a Union.


    Some people are concerned that their Spanish heritage and culture will be overwhelmed and therefore lost forever by a dominant “anglo” culture. This is also an understandable feeling. We believe that Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans will never lose their identity, while becoming an equal part of our whole country. Why not? Because Puerto Rican identity is strong and continues to be so. Puerto Rico has been exposed to U.S. mainland cultures for a long time, 100 years—and Puerto Rican culture and heritage has thrived and grown. Puerto Rico has adopted and adapted aspects of U.S. culture, just as we have incorporated much of Puerto Rican culture when exposed to it. At their core, these cultures are western and we believe they are compatible and complement each other. They are not a threat to one another. In sum, Puerto Ricans, while citizens, in much the same way as Texans and others view themselves, are still Puerto Ricans despite the more than 100 years of the deep and strong relationship with the mainland United States.

    Commonwealth backers insist that statehood would bring more pressure against Puerto Rican culture through full integration into the Union. But the fact is, Puerto Ricans and mainland citizens have moved freely between the island and the mainland with no resulting cultural dilution or weakening of Puerto Rican’s strong identity, even with the large migrations of the 1930’s, the 1950’s and since then. Furthermore, the fact is that Puerto Ricans will be in a stronger position to control their own destiny as a state than it ever can be as a territory, achieved through the protections of the U.S. Constitution and full representation in Congress that would be available to it as a state. Currently, Puerto Rico is legally a territory, and governed by the will of the Congress. Even U.S. citizenship for Puerto Ricans is granted by act of Congress, and due to the territorial status of Puerto Rico, is not guaranteed by the Constitution.


    Federal Taxes. Some Puerto Ricans believe they would be worse off economically under statehood because they would be subject to federal income taxes. But our studies show that Puerto Ricans will be better off through the economic growth that would come from full integration into the U.S. economy, and have higher disposable incomes, after taxes, under the statehood option. They would also have full access to the full range of federal support and programs available to citizens in need.

    Commonwealth backers insist on what we call the “Big Lie.” They claim Puerto Rico can continue to have the “best of both worlds” under the Commonwealth status and continue to get federal benefits, while they promise even more financial and economic benefits under their plans; without paying federal income taxes and still staying outside the union. They promise all this while Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans are without full voting representation in the House of Representatives and the Senate. Under the Commonwealth arrangement Puerto Rico’s one single delegate to Congress has no voting rights. Nothing could be further from the truth.

    Evidence shows that the Puerto Rico state income tax burden to Puerto Ricans under the current Commonwealth system in which the islands has its own tax system, is excessive and disproportionate to incomes when compared with the states. This reality is even more acute with respect to the majority of Puerto Rican families and individuals, those with low and moderate incomes. Approximately 50 percent of Puerto Ricans live under the federal poverty line. The fact is that the commonwealth option costs Puerto Ricans economically everyday. Full integration to the national economy will provide job creation and income benefits. Preferential tax benefits to mainland corporations are already being reduced due to legislation that is phasing out IRS Section 936 tax incentives for these corporations. It is estimated that Puerto Ricans are on the average $6,000 per year poorer today than citizens of Mississippi, our least well off state.

    Payroll Taxes in Puerto Rico – No change with statehood. Puerto Ricans are already integrated to the mainland payroll tax system and therefore full incorporation as a state of the union will not mean drastic changes in the way individuals and families in Puerto Rico make their contributions. It will not cause economic hardship to Puerto Ricans nor it will require new federal processes or the creation of new agencies for implementation. Puerto Ricans already fully contribute Payroll Taxes to the national Social Security and Medicare systems (combined these are known as FICA tax) the same way as all other US taxpayers. The rate is exactly the same as that paid by taxpayers in the states, 7.65%. The self-employed are also already required to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes at the same rate, and are permitted to take a deduction on their income tax returns, proportionate to the self-employed. As mentioned earlier, Puerto Ricans pay proportionately more in Puerto Rico state income tax than the citizens of similar incomes in the states who pay a combination of federal, state and sometimes local income taxes.

    Medicaid – Commonwealth status continues to immiserate U.S. citizens in need. For the least financially well off in US society, Medicaid is often the support mechanism through which needed medical care service and attention is provided. Medicaid funding is disbursed to state governments and the program is administered by state agencies. Due to Puerto Rico’s status as a territory and not a state, the US citizens of Puerto Rico receive only 15 percent of the funding in Puerto Rico where 50 percent of citizens live under the poverty line.

    Federal funding for Medicaid in Puerto Rico is capped at about $200 million annually as of December 2003, according to the Council of State Governments. The federal government funds 85 percent of Medicaid spending in the states.

    Our Response

    Independence is an honorable option that gets high marks only from 3% of Puerto Ricans and those who think in emotional and highly nationalistic terms. Puerto Rican identity is strong and will always be strong, irrespective of status. A people with a history as long and rich as Puerto Ricans will not lose their identity as a result of a change in political status.

    Commonwealth holds out the falsehood that Puerto Ricans call their own shots, can have all benefits bestowed by U.S. citizenship, and still not pay federal taxes. To us, this inequality is the worst of all worlds and Commonwealth backers paints a colorful that simply does not exist. It does not exist now and under Commonwealth status it never will. Fundamentally, it cannot.

    In response to these myths we put forward the following facts:

    1. Puerto Rico is a territory of the United States with limited self-government.

    Despite pretensions to the contrary by proponents of the existing status Puerto Rico does not call its own shots in its dealing with the U.S. Congress, the mainland, regionally or internationally. It has been the habit of commonwealth backers, to say, suggest or imply that it does; and this is both a gross untruth and a misinterpretation of the most dishonest proportions.

    2. The people of Puerto Rico are not fully represented and do not have fiull voting rights in the U.S. Congress where they are represented by a single non-voting delegate. Therefore, the people of Puerto Rico do not exercise sovereignty over their own affairs.

    While Puerto Ricans elect a governor and have a state government like all the states, the United States Congress controls the destiny of Puerto Rico and Puerto Rico’s external affair, in foreign trade, international relations and international security affairs including military issues. Puerto Rico has powerless representation in the U.S. House of Representatives under Commonwealth. It is also a fact that Federal law is already paramount in Puerto Rico due to its territorial status, and has been since the Treaty of Paris in 1898.

    3. The U.S. citizens of Puerto Rico will never be able to deal with the Congress on an equal footing until they have full sovereign voting rights in Congress and thereby exercise control over their own affairs. This can only be achieved with statehood.

    4. Puerto Ricans do not have constitutionally guaranteed citizenship now and what they have is a limited second class variety extended to them by Act of Congress in 1917. United States citizenship can only be guaranteed by Puerto Rico becoming a state.

    Under the current status Puerto Ricans will not receive more or equal benefits as citizens residing in the states. On the contrary, it is likely that under the current status they will probably receive less federal benefits, and are losing more federal tax incentives as each year goes by. Statehood, on the other hand, will offer first class citizenship with full rights as guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Puerto Rico will be able to send a full delegation of elected representatives and senators to the U.S. Congress and be able to vote for President for the first time. That very same U.S. Constitution will protect the rights of Puerto Rico as a state and Puerto Ricans as citizens, the same as the other 50 states. And we predict the island will experience swift economic growth with statehood, bringing its economic indicators and standard of living up to a level equal to the other states of the Union.

  12. Argument On Puerto Rican Independence, Commonwealth or Statehood

    Puerto Rican Statehood has been a hot issue for several years. Currently, there are three views on this issue. The first is state-hood, second is independence, and last is for Puerto Rico to stay a territorial commonwealth of the United States. In this report, I hope to show each view clearly and back it up with documentation.


    Statehood supporters “see the United States as a union of 50 sovereign states united to give their citizens the best opportunity to succeed in life. “They believe that “Puerto Rico is in an unique position to join this union and partake of the benefits, and responsibilities, of being an integral part of the United States of America. There are economic, social, and political advantages to becoming the 51st state.”

    Twenty seven point one percent of Puerto Rican’s who live in the United States prefer statehood . Residents of Puerto Rico voted on their status in 1993 in a non-binding advisory vote. Proponents of statehood won with 46.3 percent of the vote . The breakdown of statehood proponents in the U.S. is 57.4% of first generation, 25.7% of second generation, and 16.9% of third generation. Thirty point two percent of statehood proponents consider themselves as liberals, 22.6% are moderates, and 47.2% are conservative. The breakdown of statehood proponents based on language ability is 2.2% speak only English, 42% are better in English, 25% have no preference, 27.5 are better in Spanish, and 3.4 speak only Spanish.


    In the economics of Puerto Rico, statehood has many pros. The first is that Puerto Rico will receive taxes from their citizens to build the infrastructure of the state. They will have an open market to trade with all nations that are in alliance with the U.S. With becoming a state, Puerto Rico will enjoy the benefits of America’s high per capita income and low unemployment rates.

    “Puerto Rico’s relationship with the United States has been directly responsible for Puerto Rico having one of the highest standard of living of Central, South America, and the Caribbean. However, the American citizens of Puerto Rico are still very far from attaining the same level of economic prosperity other American citizens enjoy in the other 50 states.. Becoming a state would give Puerto Rico the opportunity of improving its economic situation.”

    Politically, there are several advantages to becoming a state. The first is that Puerto Rico will have a voice in the Congress with at least seven representatives and two senators. Currently, Puerto Rico only has a resident commissioner in the Congress. He has a voice, but no vote. Puerto Rico has no electoral votes in the Presidential elections . Becoming a State would remove Puerto Rico form under the Territorial “claws” of the U.S. Constitution, and would put Puerto Rico on the same political footing as the other 50 states. This is the single most compelling argument for Puerto Rican statehood that Puerto Ricans have.


    There are several economic reasons that can be argued against Puerto Rico becoming a state. The first is that the cost of living will greatly rise. At last count, my friend, Jose and Noemi Mendoza said that the average monthly income is around $600 dollars. The average electric bill is around $60 a month and water and waste collection is around $25 to $37 dollars a month. When Puerto Rico becomes a state the prices could increase.

    There are several arguments against statehood on the social structure of Puerto Rico. The first is that Puerto will no longer have a representative in their Miss Universe Pageant, which they have won on three occasions. Also, they would not be recognized as an individual nation in the Olympic games. “These international representations would be curbed under Statehood, as Puerto Rico would be required to participate in the same manner as the other 50 states, and to compete to represent the United States collectively, and not Puerto Rico individually, in these international events .”

    The statehood opponents believe that Statehood will infringe on their “sovereign” rights and threaten their international presence and image.

    The last social issue against Puerto Rico becoming a state is a proposed bill in Congress. The bill proposes that English will become the official language of the United States. If this bill passes, and Puerto Rico is granted statehood, the inhabitants will have to abide this requirement. Quote: Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga, said, “We must encourage everyone to speak English, but we must not discriminate against those that speak other languages. ”


    The view of the continuance of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is the most popular position with 49.4% of US Puerto Ricans support. Voters cast a 48.6% decision in favor of remaining a commonwealth of the United States. Of the commonwealth proponents 71.4% are first generation Americans, 24% are second generation, and 4.5% are third generation. The political ideologies of commonwealth proponents are 27% liberal, 26.5% moderate, and 46.5 conservative. The language ability is as follows: Only English 2%, better in English 26.3%, no difference 25.5%, better in Spanish 38.1% and only in Spanish 8.1% .


    One man in San Juan said, “I believe we should stay the way we are. It’s worked for about 50 years already. We get the best of both worlds. ” What is the best of both worlds? Currently, Puerto Rico receives the protection of the United States in time of war. They also receive the benefits of being U.S. citizens without having to pay taxes to the U.S. government. The citizens of Puerto Rico do pay Social Security and do have the benefits of Medicare.


    The view of independence says that Puerto Rico should and does have the right to become a sovereign nation. “After nearly 495 years of foreign domination, first by Spain and then by the United States, it’s about time for us to say . . . ‘Viva Puerto Rico Libre y Soberano!'”. Three point five percent of Puerto Ricans living in the United States are in favor for independence. The breakdown of this belief is 34.1% of first generation, 30.5% of second generation, and 23.5% of third generation are in favor of independence.

    Liberal Puerto Ricans are in favor of independence by 55.6%, moderate by 11.3% and conservative by 33.2%. The language breakdown is, only English 13.9%, better in English 51.7%, no difference 13.8%, better in Spanish 11.9% and only in Spanish 8.8% .


    “Puerto Rico’s culture is a rich mix of European, Tiano Indian, African and American influences. The resulting blend is unique, both in Latin America and the world. However, some people in Puerto Rico contend that the Puerto Rican culture is under attack by the United States, and that Statehood would in effect sign the death sentence of the Puerto Rican culture. ”


    Only 3% of the total Puerto Rican population want Independence. There is no viability or economic structure to implement and sustain Puerto Rico as a sovereign nation. Not that it couldn’t work but having almost 60% of its population living off State run jobs, it would be practically impossible to accomplish.

    • The trend has been towards independence. Why is it that the big pharmaceutics companies are leaving to Ireland. That’s right Ireland as a sovereign nation have deals with the United States that are better than Puerto Rico’s as a colony. The colonial status takes away any power to have protective measures, thus no industry has been able to be successful against the dumping of US companies to the island. The imperial marine tax is the highest in the whole world and since we cannot look for options as to import cheaper or export we are in a decadent state. When the invasion of 1898 all business were of the Puerto Ricans today it is a virtually nonexistant sector, and it is United State’s the owners of the whole economy. The United States destroyed the agricultural industry by the devaluation of the Puerto Rican currency after a hurricane had hit severely the agricultural sector. The result the United States big companies ripe of the Puerto Ricans buying all their land at a fifth of the price. This was a merely example. While the United States benefits from a captive, an subjugated market for their good even locally produced goods are sent to the continental United States and are brought back at increase price of “imports”. Politically speaking all laws, decisions, even the state constitution can be abolished unilaterally by Congress. The Supreme Court and Congress can and have passed laws to Puerto Rico imposed by their interests alone.
      I will not go to how the United States Army has taken advantage because I wouldn’t be able to do justice to the tortures of political prisoner, massacres, psychological warfare, radiological experiments with prisoners, cancer and forced sterilization, chemical testing in the water and air (including Orange Agent, US navy mine-fielding, etc)
      Socially the truth is that the people opinion has been influenced to a grave extent by decades of military regime, and “civil” government that profiled, spread propaganda, killings, police brutality, making illegal to have the Puerto Rican flag, forcing to swear allegiance to the US flag, spreading the stigma that separatists were communist during the Cold War, selling the dream that Statehood would fix all problems, etc.
      The truth is Statehood is a phantom it has never been a choice nor it is. The only political status is being a republic and we could have treaties like Russia-ex Soviet Republics and all but independence is the best and only option for Puerto Rico.

  13. And for Jose:

    Stop feeding people bologny, I can buy better bologny at a cheap supermarket.

    If you want Puerto Rico to be Independent or you don’t like Luis Fortuno I can respect that and you have the right as an American Citizen to voice your own frank opinion but to do so without any facts or concrete studies would make your argument just worthless.

    • Some sources of the last comment:
      I don’t have here the books to cite but you can easily check the information.
      Most information can be viewed in UN Resolutions and the White House Puerto Rico Task Force.
      Luis Fortuo started the campaign to get people to vote for statehood in a referendum with this claim: That if we decided to exert our right to be free we would loose $20M. Claims like that are bs and lies the statehood party uses. The truth is more than 10% are poverty linked (food coupons, etc.) so the claim we would receive more transfers is because we would not strive to end the poverty in addition 80% are rights we pay/ed for like SS, Medicare Medicate, etc.
      How giving facts and speaking the truth about the matter has to do with my beliefs or what I would like. History is unbiased, numbers don’t lie, and macroeconomic theory states what works and what is stupidity.
      If you decide to think my claims are bologny I invite you to cross-check the information and inform yourself. Don’t dismiss without proof of refutation.

    • Bologny??? Do you mean Bologna? OMG! Quien te paga??? Tu diploma de Escuela Superior, lo firmó Victor Fajardo? Ben, Benny. Big Ben, Ben Franklin, Ben Afflec? You write more crap than what I find on the sewers of Manhattan. What is more dignified: Be the epitome of the Colony? Or be a Nation, among Nations. Free to do business with whomever we please. Can we do business with Germany, China, Thailand, Britain, Spain, India, Japan, Brazil? No. Right now The Commonwealth prevents us from doing so, and with Statehood we also have problems with it because Congress would have to approve. And there are many studies that I can bring to prove my point, but I won’t do it because I won’t convince you, as you can’t convince me. So…bye.

      • Tito Maranito:

        The teacher asked, “What use is the comma when writing an essay?” The girl raised her hand and was called on. She explained (in detail) the use of a comma. The teacher rolled his eyes and exclaimed “You are like a bologna sandwich.” Is he implying what I think he is? The same thing as saying “you are full of bologna”?
        : yes

        In UK english, the word for nonsense/hot air is said as ‘bal-o-ney’ – what is written above is Bologna, the Italian place, not the disparaging noun. I think that it comes from the sausage called ‘baloney’ which, Wiki claims, in turn may be named based on the use of the French name for Bologna used as disparaging word for nonsense because Bologna was renowned as a centre of legal education! legal jargon = nonsense/rubbish.

        the assumption was that baloney sausage was made with rubbish ingredients – hence baloney being rubbish.

        The Italian name for the sausage in question is “Mortadella”, which is how it is usually referred to these days, which is why I couldn’t remember exactly what baloney was like.

        I suppose it all goes back to Shakespeare – as worthless as a word in the mouth of an un-feed lawyer…

        Actually, “bologny” comes from my pronunciation of the city named bologna and the most popular way of American English pronunciation is “baloney”. “Phony baloney” or “that’s a bunch of baloney” is a dismissal of the sort of philosophical discussion that spread out of centres of higher education — particularly Bologna docta. Anti-intellectualism is not a new phenomenon, and the folks who were using the “bologny” pronunciation would probably have loved it if the folks they were insulting had tried to correct it to “bolonya”.

  14. It hasnt been easy for him since he took office as head of P.R. What he found was a Financial caos.. that’s why he had to make the dificult decision of laying off so man people that trusted him, that move has a political coast but because he took the bull by its horn our island has turn around for the best…

    • Turn around for the best? Are you referring to Puerto Rico? If you are you mos likely have a serious case of schizophrenia.

    • When Sila Calderon became the governor she also found that Pedro Roseelo had left the goverment without a penny, not even for the payroll. Did she fire
      30,000 people NOOOOO. When Fortuno becam governor the first thing the local legisture did was to let him borrow 5 billion dollars and he also recieved 7
      billion from this administration (Obama). Peurto Rico is still in caos and no body knows where the money has gone, I know it has not been in all the contracts to his friends. The island is in total caos and than he comes here (USA) and tells all this lies, doe he think people here do not read news from other places.

    • Who facilitates you the Talking Points? Is it The Persian Cat? Or Kid Little Box. Maybe one of the PR companies that earn the salary of 100 of the public employees fired under Law # 7.

  15. Luis Fortuno is a LIAR and DECEIVED the voters of Puerto Rico. If you believe that LYING is a “good” trait to be a politician than all hope is lost for our great America. Under Luis Fortuno unemployment rose from around 11% to MORE than 16%. Under Luis Fortuno his administration has borrowed more than the amount of money THAN the budget of a fiscal year for Puerto Rico. Under Luis Fortuno he received 7 BILLION dollars from ARRA (Stimulus money in 2009-2010) and what has he done with those monies? Under Luis Fortuno the healthcare plan COLLAPSED and presently services are suspended. Under Luis Fortuno 6 of HIS fellow party members have been expelled or made to resign due to corruption. Under Luis Fortuno members of his party have tested positivie for use of cocaine and have been rehired to work (out of all places) in commissions having to do with Public Security issues. Under Luis Fortuno salaries for the head of departments HAVE been raised (not lowered) through bonuses and this scandal provoked the resignation of the Director of PR Power and Light Corp (He earned more than $300,000 in 2011) Under Luis Fortuno HE CREATED a new property TAX ($600 yearly), a new tax on Pell grants ($800 yearly) (is this even legal?) new tax on companies doing business in PR (4%) are these “Reaganomic ideals”?? All these inconsistencies of what Luis Fortuno TELLS you in USA yet DOES differently in PR, don’t surprise me, since in PR we ALL know he is a great LIAR..The question is: “Did you know he was such a liar?

  16. Fortuño (he is Puertorrican therefore his name has a ñ) Has demonstrated that he is the WORST Governor in the history of Puerto Rico. Not only did he lied to get elected but he continues to lie to this day. A group of spinsters that only speak in Talking Points down here cannot make him get elected again and the only choice we have left is a younger version of him that hopefully won’t take this NATION and screw it even more than it already is. Now it makes me laugh that most Puertorricans that want Statehood cannot read this because of two mayor reasons 1. They can’t read or speak or understand English and 2. They are too poor to afford an Internet connection or don’t know how to operate a computer. So dream on so called Republicans in my Island Nation if you only knew what the Republicans REALLY stand for you would run for your life. VIVA PUERTO RICO LIBRE!

  17. Luis Fortuño cannot be a Vice-presidential Candidate: He was not born in the USA. He was born in PR.The US Supreme Court has made it crystal clear that PR belongs to… but is not a part of… the USA, it is an Unincorporated territory (a good judicial euphemism for militarily occupied-but under civil administration) . The VP follows the president in case of death or incapacitation, becoming himself president, who, by constitutional mandate MUST be born in any of the 50 states,or Incorporated territories. Thus, any pontification of him as a VP is illegal and unconstitutional

    • You need to get an education before you try to educate people.

      As stated in numerous previous comments, for numerous constitutional reasons, Fortuno by law, can be President and as such, he can be Vice President too.

      I am not sure who interprest law for you but they are certainly not constitutional scholars.

    • John McCain was born in Panama and he ran for US presidency… Luis Fortuño has been the best PR Governor ever, don’t listen to these socialists, they are only the 2% of the Puertorricans people.

  18. We agree. Those justices of the Supreme Court are not very good constitutional scholars. If you think you could win an argument in court saying that the 14 years of residency have been met while being a permanent resident of PR go for it. I believe being in its possessions and not being on a part of it does not suffice for the requirement. The age and natural born requirement we can stipulate that are met.

  19. One of the privilege of United States Citizenship is the Right to be a Presidential Candidate if you are a U.S. Citizen at birth. I recommend Jose to read

    48 U.S.C. 737. Or any one who whant to learn go to this link:—-000-.html

    Then post your coments

  20. hola me llamo jessica y te escribo para decirte que estoy interesada estudiar ultrasonido soy de san lorenzo y ni en caguas ni en mi pueblo tiene colegio de ultrasonido y me enteresa mucho estudiar eso, ahi mucha gente quisiera estudiar lo mismo en san lorenzo pero afortunadamente no hay colegio, podran hacer algo al respeto.. no hay transportacion para viajar hacia bayamon todo los dias… te agradesco tu ayuda porfavor haz algo ese es mi futuro.. gracias de nuevo.

    • Jessica…no se si sabes que esta pagina de internet NO es de Luis Fortuño, el dis-que Gobernador. Es una página política donde en realidad no creo que lo vea Fortuño, a lo mejor algún ayudante que vela lo que se escribe de él lo vé. Una recomendación, no sé cuantos años tienes, pero si no te has graduado de Escuela Superior todavía, presta MUCHA atención a la clase de Español, especialmente ORTOGRAFIA. En el internet se puede escribir libremente, pero si piensas dirigirte a un líder, debes expresarte mejor. Tus HORRORES ortograficos dejan mucho que desear. llama o escribe a: HON. NORMA E. BURGOS ANDUJAR Partido Nuevo Progresista 787-724-2030 EXT: 2365, 2955 ó HON. SILA M. GONZALEZ CALDERON Partido Popular Democrático 787-724-2030 EXT: 2399, 2814
      Ellas te ayudan mejor. Suerte.

  21. Yes we do want leaders that will do an excellent job in Puerto Rico and it does not matter if they are Republicans or Democrats. So please Luis Fortuno help stop the killings in our Beautiful Country, It’s very sad to read That 100 murders have already been committed since January of 2012. This is going to destroy Tourism in Puerto Rico and give us a bad name………..God Bless Puerto Rico

  22. Tito Marranito:: : The teacher asked, “What use is the comma when writing an essay?” The girl raised her hand and was called on. She explained (in detail) the use of a comma. The teacher rolled his eyes and exclaimed “You are like a bologna sandwich.” Is he implying what I think he is? The same thing as saying “you are full of bologna”?
    : yes

    In UK english, the word for nonsense/hot air is said as ‘bal-o-ney’ – what is written above is Bologna, the Italian place, not the disparaging noun. I think that it comes from the sausage called ‘baloney’ which, Wiki claims, in turn may be named based on the use of the French name for Bologna used as disparaging word for nonsense because Bologna was renowned as a centre of legal education! legal jargon = nonsense/rubbish.

    the assumption was that baloney sausage was made with rubbish ingredients – hence baloney being rubbish.

    The Italian name for the sausage in question is “Mortadella”, which is how it is usually referred to these days, which is why I couldn’t remember exactly what baloney was like.

    I suppose it all goes back to Shakespeare – as worthless as a word in the mouth of an un-feed lawyer…

    Actually, “bologny” comes from my pronunciation of the city named bologna and the most popular way of American English pronunciation is “baloney”. “Phony baloney” or “that’s a bunch of baloney” is a dismissal of the sort of philosophical discussion that spread out of centres of higher education — particularly Bologna docta. Anti-intellectualism is not a new phenomenon, and the folks who were using the “bologny” pronunciation would probably have loved it if the folks they were insulting had tried to correct it to “bolonya”.

  23. I think Luis Fortuno would be an excellent choice for Romney’s VP!!!

    • I agree! We need a freedom fighting, voice of reason the limits the size and scope of government while promoting the capitalist free enterprise system that works for all Americans

  24. Mr. Luis Fortuño is a man of principles and a family man , has done in a very short time a great deal of changes here in the island and has all the characteristics of a great leader that care for the people. A visionary without prejudices who leads for the wellbeing of his people. Given to him the oportunity as Vice president will be a great great move since he is a restless individual dynamic and totally profesional.

  25. No, No…Luis Fortuno is for us….in Puerto Rico land. We need it. He is great. Great governor and leader. Doing great job as Governor.

  26. As a gay republican governor, could Luis Fortuno be seriously consider as a VP?

    • As a gay Republican I can honestly say yes he can. But let me ask you something. As a sarcastic ass hole who has nothing to contribute to political debate other than unfounded characterizations of a persons personal and private business, can you be taken seriously? Don’t stress your brain out trying to answer that question. The answer is “no”. You can’t be taken seriously.

  27. Foltuno shuld had run for representitive of the PPD insted of the PNP then he wuld had been a son of puerto Rico instead of a son of America . I for one I m starding to waner if the white nigts of a america have some floor becouse of the way the nation is heading I wander the in the year 2025 wat our children will have to live .

    • First learn how to write english.
      Second Fortuno is not a son for anyone, he is a real leader that puertorrican must follow, if let me said it again, IF… the wanna move towards a better future for Puerto Rico.
      Third PPD are a lost cause, please dismantle the PPD!!!!

  28. First learn how to write english.
    Second Fortuno is not a son for anyone, he is a real leader that puertorrican must follow, if let me said it again, IF… they wanna move towards a better future for Puerto Rico.
    Third PPD are a lost cause, please dismantle the PPD!!!!

  29. Those of us in Florida who have observed Governor Fortuno, he is a great leader, his problem is those who are sounding him and are not able to advise him property.
    Even when we do not live in our island, but we visit frequently to help small and medium business to be aggressive exporting to Florida market, investing our own personal revenues, and we have families affected by the downfall of the global economy. W are concerned and we fill that Puerto Rico can do better if the fallowing areas are given a focus on it. Governor Fortuno has to give a priority to Florida domestic market where our Puerto Rican business can export to the best consumer in the world, the Florida I-4. We have been trying for four years, but someone is blocking the gate. Who benefit from not having a new route between Ponce and Tampa?

  30. This beautiful document is what I fought for. And I’m extremely proud of be an AMERICAN as my great-great grandparents felt when my island became a territory of this GOD blessed nation. I’m an AMERICAN from PR:

    “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America”

    “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are crated equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” [Declaration of Independence paragraph 2].


    “With respect to our state and federal governments, I do not thing their relations correctly understood by foreigners. They generally suppose the former subordinate to the latter. But this is not the case. They are co-ordinate departments of one simple and integral whole. To the state governments are reserved all legislation administration, in affairs which concern their own citizens only; and to the federal government is given whatever concerns foreigners and citizens of other states; these functions alone being made federal. The one is the domestic, the other the foreign branch of the same government – neither having control over the other, but within its own department.” from Thomas Jefferson’s letter to Major John Cartwright, of June 5th, 1824 (vol. 4, p. 396)

    “A citizen of one state is to be considered as a citizen of every other state in the union.” Butler v. Farnsworth, Federal Cases, Vol. 4, page 902 (1821)

    “A citizen of any one of the States of the Union, is held to be, and called a citizen of the United States, although technically and abstractly there is no such thing. To conceive a citizen of the United States who is not a citizen of some one of the States, is totally foreign to the idea, and inconsistent with the proper construction and common understanding of the expression as used in the Constitution, which must be deduced from its various other provisions.” [Ex parte. – Frank Knowles, California Reports, Vol. 5, page 302 (1855)]

    “Sovereignty itself is, of course, not subject to law, for it is the author and source of law; but in our system, while sovereign powers are delegated to the agencies of government, sovereignty itself remains with the people, by whom and for whom all government exists and acts. And the law is the definition and limitation of power. It is indeed, quite true, that there must always be lodged somewhere, and in some person or body, the authority of final decision; and in many cases of mere administration the responsibility is purely political, no appeal except to the ultimate tribunal of the public judgment, exercised either in the pressure of opinion or by means of the suffrage. But the fundamental rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, considered as individual possessions, are secured by those maxims of constitutional law which are the monuments showing the victorious progress of the race in securing to men the blessings of civilization under the reign of just and equal laws, so that, in the famous language of the Massachusetts Bill of Rights, the government of the commonwealth “may be a government of laws and not of men.” For, the very idea that one man may be compelled to hold his life, or the means of living, or any material right essential to the enjoyment of life, at the mere will of another, seems to be intolerable in any country where freedom prevails, as being the essence of slavery itself.” [Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356, 370

  31. Usually I do not learn post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do so! Your writing style has been surprised me. Thank you, quite nice article.

  32. I believe this is among the so much vital info for me. And i am happy studying your article. But wanna observation on few basic things, The web site taste is ideal, the articles is actually nice : D. Just right task, cheers

  33. Thank you for another informative web site. Where else may just I am getting that kind of information written in such an ideal method? I have a project that I am just now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  34. Being governor of Puerto RIco is a very difficult job. You need to move forward with your ideas without the political power in Congress. It depends completely on your ability to share your views with fellow American Congressmen. On the other hand local politics in the island are also very difficult. The left leaning press have you are critized for every single action you take.

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